Download the requirements for the Brain and Behavior honor by clicking on the download link above.
Brain and Behavior
1. Be able to label a diagram or a model of a human brain including the following parts: medulla, pons, cerebellum, midbrain, thalamus, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and cerebrum. Tell briefly what each part does.
2. What is a neuron? Draw a picture of a typical neuron and label it's parts. Where does information enter a neuron and where does information leave from?
3. Explain how drugs affect the function of neurons especially at the 'synapse'. Make a commitment never to take drugs except for medical reasons.
4. What is a reflex? Perform a knee-jerk reflex test on someone. (Instructions: Gently tap someone just below the knee-cap while the person's leg is hanging over the edge of a chair.). Explain why it occurs (use the following terms in your answer: sensory neuron, motor neuron, spinal cord). Why do doctors use this test in a physical exam?
5. What is a sensory neuron, and what is "adaption". Demonstrate adaption by doing the following:
6. How are the senses of taste and smell similar and how are they different. Draw a map of which part of the tongue responds to the following tastes: sweet, sour, bitter, salt. Instructions: Have someone dip a Q-tip into one of the following: sugar water (for sweet), lemon juice (for sour), flat tonic water (bitter) or salty water (salt), and then lightly touch different parts of your tongue. Notice which areas of the tongue taste the solution that is being tested. Rinse with pure water between each test and use a new Q-tip for each test.
7. Draw a picture of the various parts of the eye and explain why you have a blind-spot. Find your blind-spot for one eye. Instructions: Place a very small black dot on the center of a white piece of paper. Close one eye and stare directly ahead. Hold the paper at arms length in front of you and move the paper until the spot "disappears" (usually this is occurs when the dot is just a bit below eye level - it is important).
8. Describe the three basic parts of the ear and tell what each part does. Explain why the following activities can be bad for your hearing:
9. Do one or more of the following activities: (some of these activities will need to beplanned with a medical/dental professional or at a local college or universityóthey are usually very willing to assist you)
10. List at least 5 things that you can do to protect your brain from damage.
11. Do one of the following:
12. Find at least three references from the Bible that refer to your brain and/or to decisions that you make in life.
Skill Level 2
Original Honor 1999
Health & Science